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Synopsis 003c  The Genealogy of Jesus

We’ve been studying our savior’s family album.  We read His genealogical account in Matthew and learned a few things:  We know that Matthew wrote for the Jews, so he was out to give the authority for Jesus’ right to the throne by giving His regal genealogy. 

Because Matthew’s account was written for the Jews and Jesus came for the lost sheep of the house of Israel, there are very few Gentiles mentioned.  Remember, at the point that this was written, the Kingdom of the Heavens (or ruling and reigning in them) was open only to the Jews as a nation.  Not salvation; salvation has always been available to all.

[Romans 8]  Matthew firmly established Jesus’ right to sit on the throne.  However, Luke didn’t list his genealogy until after Jesus had reached maturity.  Matthew’s genealogy gives us the regal ancestry; Luke’s gives us the legal ancestry.  Matthew gives the Jews their Messiah, and Luke gives the Savior of the world.  Matthew’s list talks about begettal and Luke’s list talks about son-ship.  [Romans 8:14]  Through Christ, the dignity of sons is bestowed upon mature believers (those who are obedient), so that the same word is appropriate:  Sons of God.  If we’re obedient and faithful, we are sons of God!

Both lists tells us that the Messiah was not just to be a descendant of Abraham, but would also be a descendant of Isaac (Genesis 21:12), Jacob (Genesis 28:13,14), Judah (Genesis 49:10), Jesse (Isaiah 11:1,10), David (2 Samuel 7:12-16), and Zerubbabel.  The list in Luke gives us the seed that shall crush the serpent’s head.  We started looking at some of this line last week.

[Genesis 3:15]  We looked at Adam and Eve last week, and we saw that the one who shall crush the serpent’s head would be “her seed”.  This promise was made to the serpent, not to Adam or Eve, but it certainly concerned Eve.  God declared war on the serpent (or Satan) through mankind.

We looked at Cain and Abel briefly, but more importantly, we looked at Seth through whom the line passed.  We saw that Seth was the third child, not the first-born. 

Then, we have the names Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech and Noah.  We studied Noah briefly.  Although he received no specific promise that the Messiah would come through him, it would be impossible for it to be any other way.  All of mankind had to come through those eight individuals:  Noah and his wife, Shem, Ham and Japheth and their wives. 

Next in the lineage of the Messiah, we have Shem, Arphazad, Cainan, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, and then the first ancestor that both genealogies in Matthew and Luke have in common:  Abraham. 

Between Adam and Abraham there was no specific plan brought into being by God to bring the Messiah to earth; at least not that was recorded.  But the “line of choice” began with the calling of Abraham in Ur of the Chaldeans; he was the first Jew.

We saw that God doesn’t call people just so they can be blessed; He calls them to be obedient.  If we’re obedient, we will be blessed, but we may also receive trials and tribulations along the way.

God told Abraham that through him, the entire world would be blessed.  Gen 22:18 says, “...by your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed”.  The Messiah will come through Abraham’s seed. 

We saw that the most specific incident in Abraham’s life in which he received revelation about Messiah, is in Genesis 22:1-19 where God commands him to take Isaac, the child of promise, and offer him as a burnt offering upon one of the mountains in the region of Moriah, the future site for Solomon’s Temple, situated just outside Jerusalem to the north.

Abraham here makes a remarkable statement in Genesis 22:8, he says, “God will provide Himself the lamb for a burnt offering”, echoing the provision of God through Christ.  Isaac, the seed of promise would be the person through whom the Messiah would come.

[Galatians 4:22,23]  Abraham had two sons; one, Ishmael was the first-born.  However, Ishmael wasn’t the child of promise but a child that had been obtained through self-effort by attempting to procure the heir according to natural processes. Abraham used a culturally accepted practice of his day that meant that a slave girl could bear the children of her master and it would be considered as if the child was the natural offspring of the legally accepted wife.  He tried to “help” God out, since God wasn’t getting things done quickly enough.

But God made it clear to Abraham that Ishmael wasn’t the one God had chosen to perpetuate his line and through whom the Messiah would come.  (Gen 17:18-19)  Even though Abraham’s self-effort had produced a child (his first-born son), God was going to give Abraham the child according to promise.  This child would still be according to natural processes but at God’s appointed time when all reasonable chance of obtaining a child demanded a miracle to be performed by God.  This child of promise would be given just as Messiah would be given for mankind through the promise of Genesis 3:15.

Eventually, Sarah conceived and gave birth to a male child, Isaac, the child of promise as it says in Genesis 21:12 that “...through Isaac shall your seed be named”.  God’s choice is more important than our own self-effort; not only when we come to consider the line of the Messiah but also when we look at our own lives before God and the way we expect to see the promises of God fulfilled. The danger for each one of us is that, once we’ve received a promise or assurance that such an event will take place, we go out and, in our own strength, try to make it happen.

Abraham’s self-fulfillment of the promise of God resulted in the Arab nations of the world today, the wholly most antagonistic group of people towards the natural descendants of Abraham through Isaac. It may be surprising to us but Abraham’s selected fulfillment of the promise (Ishmael) is today violently opposed to God’s choice of fulfillment of that promise.  We may also find that, should we try and fulfill God’s promises to us, our solution to the problem actually undermines and counteracts the real fulfillment.

God’s eventual remedy to the problem that Abraham had brought about was to expel Ishmael away from Abraham’s camp, so turning him away from the promise that would be inherited by Isaac.

It should be noted that Ishmael was not sent away empty handed.  [Genesis 21:14; hold your place in Galatians]  Ishmael is type of living under the law.  He has an inheritance; some bread and a bottle of water, he’ll survive, but he doesn’t have the better inheritance.  In the passage we looked at a moment ago in Galatians, the two children, Isaac and Ishmael are contrasted.  Paul brings home to the Galatians that to live according to a legal requirement is paralleled in the birth of Ishmael to Abraham, whereas to live in the freedom of Christ parallels Isaac. He’s primarily concerned with Law (or Legalism) versus Faith.

[Galatians 4:31]  Being faithful brings about blessing; living under the law brings about hardship.  You can be saved, never living by faith or by being obedient, but you won’t be blessed.  This is talking about inheritance, a family matter, to the brethren.  Remember, Matthew 12:50 tells us that the brethren are those who are being obedient.  You can be saved and not be a brother; you can be saved and not live under grace.  I pray that we are all children of faith.

Isaac begets Jacob.  Jacob, if you recall bought the birthright from Esau.  Esau did not esteem his birthright, the double portion of the first-born and traded it to Jacob for a bowl of red pottage; he did not look to the future and was more concerned with things in the present world; he despised the birthright.  2 Kings 4:38 by the way tells us that pottage is the food of mourners and prophets.  It’s possible that Jacob prepared the pottage for this reason; he esteemed the birthright; he wanted it.  Esau did not lose everything!  Many teach that he did.  He just traded away the double portion.  Jacob deceitfully received the blessing of the first born, but Esau was blessed also, Genesis 27:39,40 tells us that.

Esau despised his birthright and traded it away for a bowl of pottage.  Jacob, deceitfully got the blessing of the first-born.  It’s possible, because of the unfaithful life that Esau had lived, marrying a Canaanite woman and a daughter of Ishmael that Isaac may have given it to Jacob voluntarily, but Jacob took things into his own hands to “help God out”, and he did suffer for it.  He had to run and hide from Esau.  Don’t take things into your own hands.

[Genesis 27]  I would like to point out here that this is a type of a faithful Christian and an unfaithful Christian, not a type of a saved person and a lost person.  Esau was not lost.  He still had an inheritance, just not the better inheritance of the first-born.  He still had an inheritance!  He still had a blessing, just not the best blessing.  Esau was compared to a goat.  [Genesis 27:11]  That word “hairy” is the Hebrew word “sa’ir”, which is translated in some places as hairy and some places “kid”, as in goat.  Number 18:17 tells us that goats are holy.  The lost are never referred to as holy.  Esau was still his father’s son, but had not been obedient and faithful.  Esau is the first-born, but Jacob is the chosen seed.

After Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, we have Judah.  Reuben was the first-born of Jacob, but his birthright was removed by Jacob because of Reuben’s sins against him.  Why Judah?  Because God chose him.  We know the one that God has chosen simply because God has chosen him!  It depends upon the sovereignty of God and not on anything that man does.  God chose Judah.  Judah was not the firstborn among any of his brothers and not even firstborn of his mother Leah.  For that matter, Leah was not even the favored wife of Jacob. 

Judah was so dirty and lowdown that even after Reuben convinced all his brothers not to kill Joseph, that Judah convinced his brothers that it was humane to sell Joseph into slavery.  This effectively killed Joseph, or so Judah thought.  God had different plans.  Why was Judah chosen?  Because of God’s sovereign will.

[Genesis 38]  Now, Judah, although not the sort of person you’d choose as a friend perhaps, seemed to be a good father.  In Genesis chapter 38, we find out that Judah did what all good fathers would do in that day and he got a wife for his son Er; Tamar.  (Er; Makes you wonder if he was hesitant.)  Now, Genesis 38:7 tells us that Er was wicked in the sight of the Lord.  He did more than steal some kids’ candy, he was wicked!  God slew Er. 

When Er died, Judah did what all good fathers in that day would do and instructed his second son Onan to take Tamar as his wife.  This was normal cultural practice in that day, even to the point that it would be a disgrace not to do so.  Now, Onan so despised the thought of his children having his brother’s name that he continuously is disobedient and makes sure that Tamar doesn’t get pregnant, so God slew him.  [Genesis 38:9; whenever, not when – active participle; denotes continuous action; destroyed, not spilled]  Despising the thought of these children having his brother’s name means that he wanted that birthright to go to his own family.  The birthright would go to the firstborn (or in this case, his legal children), but if he didn’t have any children, Onan’s children would get it.  This is nothing but covetousness, and covetousness is unrighteousness.  Since she was not yet pregnant, she would be rumored to be barren, and that’s a terrible thing in that day.  His unrighteousness caused her to be disgraced.

Culturally, Judah was obligated to give her to his third and last son, Shelah.  Although he makes that promise to her, there’s no real intent to bring it about.  He makes that promise to get her out of his household and hope that she’d forget, or perhaps hoping that her father would find someone else for her to marry. 

[Genesis 38:14-16]  Most of us would not think of Tamar as righteous; she pretended to be a harlot and she intentionally had sex with her father-in-law; this was forbidden and punishable by death.  She’s pretty wicked, right?  Look with me in [Genesis 38:26].  Tamar’s intention was not to humiliate Judah.  Neither was it to live as a prostitute and accept whatever man came to her.  Neither was it that she wanted Judah as her husband and set about trying to entangle him.

She solely wanted to perpetuate the name of her husband on the earth and the only choice left to her was to either get Shelah to sleep with her or Judah.  Noting Judah’s weakness in that he hadn’t had a wife for some time (Gen 38:12), she found opportunity with him.

Tamar is the sort of woman who knows what’s right and good and sets about making it happen; remember, this was a different culture than what we have today.  She was a woman of courage; she knew that when she was discovered she would face death and that she might not get the opportunity to give her side of the story, but she was one who would face the consequences of her actions and convictions. 

It’s far better to have a wife whose character is strong and who acts righteously than to have some dainty and picturesque woman who’s weak and easily swayed into sin.  For all the bad press Tamar has had over the years, it’s about time we set the record straight:  Tamar was a righteous woman in her generation who risked her life to perpetuate the name of her deceased husband as was expected by law.  Judah was expected to provide for this through his sons, but he did not carry out his responsibility.

Next in line is Perez.  Why did God choose Perez, the result of this sinful union, to carry on the line of Messiah?  Why not Shelah?  Because God doesn’t choose according to righteousness under law!

Next, we have Hezron, and then we have some differences of texts.  Some texts say that Aram was next.  Some say that Matthew 1:3 says Aram and Luke 3:33 says Arni.  It’s not really that important, unless of course, you;re Arni or Aram.  This is one for the scholars to argue about, as the only important thing here seems to be that Hezron was the last descendant of Judah to be born in Canaan, until the return from Egypt in the Exodus.  Arni and/or Aram was born in Egypt.  After that, we have Admin.  (Neither Aram, Arni or Admin are mentioned in the OT.)

Next we have Aminidab, Nahson, Salmon and Boaz.  Boaz was born of Rahab the harlot.  It’s only in Matthew’s genealogy and nowhere else in the Biblical record that we learn that Rahab was an ancestor of the Messiah.  Rahab, if you remember is the harlot who gave the two spies protection from the authorities in the city.  She then sent them out unharmed after she’d put herself in a position of danger.  (I’d like to point out here that the Chaldee translation says she was an innkeeper.  However, we can’t be certain because the Hebrews looked upon innkeepers as being harlots, perhaps because they kept harlots in the inns.  At that time, though, it would be uncommon for a woman to be an innkeeper.  Whether she was a harlot or an innkeeper, the Jews looked upon her the same, so we’ll just assume she was a harlot.)

It seems that Rahab gave up her livelihood as a prostitute, and settled down in the land flowing with milk and honey with an Israelite husband to produce offspring. 

Rahab exercised faith in Jehovah in that she believed that He was about to destroy Jericho and give Canaan to the Hebrews.  She entered into a covenant agreement with the spies; she had an outworking of that faith.  God commanded the Hebrews to destroy everything and to not enter into any covenant relationships with them.   Entering into a covenant relationship with Rahab (sparing her life and allowing her to enter the assembly of the Lord), was in opposition to what was plainly set out in the Law of the Lord. (Although it should be pointed out that they entered into the covenant with her before they were commanded not to; they kept their word.) Yet she became a mother of Christ.

This incident is commented on twice in the NT.  Hebrews 11:31 speaks of Rahab’s faith in the purpose of God in that He was bringing the Israelites in to take possession of the land.  James 2:25 mentions Rahab where the same incident is in mind, but James uses it to show his readers that faith isn’t a passive concept.  Rahab’s faith in the purpose of God showed itself in her work of protecting the spies.

[Joshua 2:1]  Notice that Rahab was known as the harlot although Matthew doesn’t use the title. It also has obvious implications with regard to the law, concerning fornication and adultery. The Law of Moses made no provision for mercy to be shown to the inhabitants of Canaan. Indeed, the Law makes no provision for faith and the righteousness that comes by faith when faith is opposed to its legal demands.

Next, Boaz begets Obed by Ruth, the Moabitess.  The commitment of Ruth, her faithfulness to follow Naomi put her in a position to marry Boaz and eventually give birth to Obed.  Ruth forsook the god of her fathers and married herself to Jehovah, the God of Israel.  She exercised faith by recognizing that Jehovah is the true God and by turning to Him from idolatrous (and maybe even immoral) types of worship.  Many pagan worship practices involved fornication, some of it quite extreme.  It seems, therefore, that apart from the entire race of the Gibeonites (Joshua chapter 9), the first two freewill conversions to the Jewish religion were both women.

Even though this conversion caused the Israelites to welcome her as part of the Israelite line, the Law had less flattering things to say about her.  Ruth was a Moabitess and, under the Law, it was a statute that they were to never enter the assembly of Yahweh, “unto the tenth generation”.  Yet it’s plain from Scripture that Ruth not only came under the wings of Jehovah but that she settled amongst the nation in the land of Israel.  From her marriage union with Boaz came Jesse, then David.

David, strictly speaking was the third generation from Ruth, well within the literal ten generations.  David was the seventh living son of Jesse, and he was the least respected among his brothers because of his youth.  When Samuel arrived in Bethlehem to anoint God’s chosen king amongst Jesse’s sons, David wasn’t even there because they hadn’t invited him.

Samuel’s choice from Jesse’s sons highlights the problem that each one of us experiences when we fail to rely upon God’s insight into a person’s character and choose through the wisdom that we have in our own strength.

The first king of all Israel, Saul, had been chosen by God because he fit Israel’s idea of what a king should be like; he was a large man who the people, quite literally, looked up to (1 Samuel 10:23-24) and Samuel makes the same mistake before Jesse; thinking that God’s ideal for a king for his people has to do with greatness of stature (1 Samuel 16:6-7). Instead, God chooses the least of Jesse’s sons (according to the standards of the day) because of what He sees in his heart (1 Samuel 16:7,12-13).

However, it wasn’t when David was called to be God’s anointed king that he was promised that one of his descendants would be the Messiah. Indeed, it was probably around twenty-one years later when David was established king in Jerusalem that God told him of events that would concern his descendants for many generations.

This is where the genealogies split.  David has children with Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah.  Through the incidents of 2 Samuel 11 and 12, David broke at least four of the Ten Commandments:  He coveted his neighbor’s wife, he committed adultery, he committed murder, and he stole Bathsheba to be his wife. 

The child who was conceived through that adulterous act was smitten by God and died, but the union of husband and wife was blessed by God after repentance, and from the marriage came Solomon, David’s heir.

However, the law’s remedy for such an occurrence was the death of both the man and the woman.  It wasn’t possible to sanctify an adulterous relationship.  By writing “the wife of Uriah” instead of “Bathsheba”, Matthew is deliberately bringing out the sinfulness of the union, and hints at his intention of naming these four women:  What’s true of the first three women is equally true here; that while the law condemns such actions, God still accepted the individuals into the line of Messiah.  Actions alone cannot get you excluded.

God doesn’t choose according to righteousness under the Law. Matthew takes great care to point this out in his genealogical record by purposely including the names of four women through whom the Messiah came; all of whom would have been disqualified if God’s calling depended upon the righteousness of the Law.

From the formerly adulterous relationship between David and Bathsheba, Solomon and Nathan were born.  Matthew’s account, giving the regal line of Jesus lists Rehoboam, then the divided kingdom, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Joram, Ahaziah, Joash, Amaziah, Azariah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amon, Josiah, Jehoiakim and Jeconiah.  Some of these kings were wicked, some were righteous, and some were wicked at times and righteous at others.  However, Jeconiah was extremely wicked.

Turn with me to [Jeremiah 22:24].  Jeconiah was cut off.  His name was changed to Coniah by cutting off the divine name “Je” for (Jah or Jehovah).  Read with me down in [Jeremiah 22:30].  If Jesus were the physical son of Joseph, He could not prosper on the throne of David.  But, Genesis 49:10 says the staff shall not pass from Judah.  So the two genealogies split for Joseph and Mary in David’s family. Joseph is the natural regal line and Mary is the natural legal line. The regal lineage comes through Solomon the eldest surviving son of David and Bathsheba. The legal lineage comes through Nathan the second surviving son of David and Bathsheba.  In God’s sight, Jechoniah was childless.  Jesus had to be virgin born!

Nathan’s line proceeded with Mattatha, Menna, Melea, Eliakim, Jonam, Joseph, Judah, Simeon, Levi, Matthat, Jorim, Eliezer, Joshua, Er, Elmadam, Cosam, Addi, Melchi and Neri.  Once again, God chooses whom He will!  This is emphasized again here when the male line dies out in Neri, and the allotment passes through a woman to a legal son, just like we discussed with Joseph, and how Joseph became a legal son of Heli through his wife Mary.

Next in line, we have Shealtiel, who was heir of David’s throne through Jeconiah by adoption, and a son of David through Neri by natural descent (1 Chronicles 3:17).  Then, we have Zerubbabel.  Zerubbabel’s name translated means “offspring of Babylon” or “born” there.  Zerubbabel was righteous and obedient, and as such, God had special plans for him.  He was promised that the Messiah would be of his seed.

After Zerubbabel, the line splits again and Matthew gives us Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob, Joseph, and then of course, Jesus.  Luke gives us Joanan, Joda, Josech, Semein, Mattathias, Meath, Naggai, Esli, Nahum, Amos, Mattathias, Jannai, Melchi, Levi, Matthat, Heli, Joseph, and then of course, Jesus.

If you will notice, there are a few interesting things about the numbers in these genealogies.  The genealogy in Matthew lists three groups of fourteen.  The rise of the Kingdom (Abraham to David); The Fall of the Kingdom (David to Jeconiah); Establishing the Everlasting Kingdom (Jeconiah to Jesus).  In the Bible, three is the number of Resurrection or Divine perfection and fourteen is the number of deliverance or salvation. 

The number fourteen is used some 26 times in the Bible.  It was the 14th day of the first month of the year when the children of Israel were delivered from Egyptian bondage, and from the stroke of judgment that fell upon the firstborn of the Egyptians.  The number 14 is found three times over in relation to Christ's coming into the world, and He came to save or deliver his people from their sins (Matthew 1:17).  The salvation of the spirit takes place when one believes, at which time he comes under the blood of Christ, "Our Passover".  But the body will not be delivered from bondage of corruption until the resurrection of the believer or the rapture of the saints, and then the redemption of our body takes place.  (Romans 8:20-23)  In view of spirit, soul, and body, these sets of three 14's could be calling our attention to the "complete salvation" of a man.  He came to give us complete salvation. 

This explains why the numbers 14 and 3 are found together.  14 is for deliverance and 3 is for resurrection.  In I Chronicles 25:4-6 there are mentioned 14 sons of Heman, and 3 daughters who were for singers in the house of the Lord.  Israel was delivered from the plague in Egypt on the 14th day.  3 days later they passed through the Red Sea, which is a figure of the Resurrection.  Then they sang a song unto the Lord.  In the song, they said, “The Lord is my strength and song, and He is become my salvation”. (Exodus 15:1-2) This is in line with the 14 sons and 3 daughters of Heman who were singers in the house of the Lord.  The children of God rejoice in the salvation of their spirits, and sing for joy.  They rejoice!  We should too!

Also, in the genealogy of Luke, if you take out the names that are mentioned in Matthew, there are 60 names; 60 is what?  It’s 3 times 20.  There’s the number 3 again, which is for resurrection or divine perfection.  What is 20?

20 is found 288 times in the Bible.  The children of Israel had to offer a ransom for their souls at the age of 20.  20 Gerahs are mentioned in connection with this.  (Exodus 30:12-14)  The money that was given was silver; silver is a symbol of redemption.  Silver money was used to make the 100 silver sockets and fillets and hooks for the pillars of the court.  (Exodus 38:25-28)  There were 20 boards on each side of the tabernacle both north and south. 

In Ruth 4:1-10, there is the record of Boaz, the kinsman-redeemer, redeeming the property that was Elimelech’s and Naomi’s, and purchasing Ruth to be his wife.  His name occurs 20 times in the book of Ruth.  The names of 20 different people are mentioned in the book of Ruth. 

You will remember that Jacob labored in the house of Laban for 20 years in order to redeem Rachel.  (Genesis 31:38-41)

In the wilderness, all that had been numbered of the 12 tribes of Israel from 20 years and up were to die in the wilderness.  Those under 20 years of age, their children who they feared would be a prey to their enemies, would be the ones who would actually be the ones to go into the land flowing with milk and honey; they would be redeemed.  This shows that the fear of man is often times without foundation.  When God is in a thing, man never needs to fear the results.  God is greater than all and He will keep His word!  Those who walked by faith experienced the redemption of the Lord; those over 20 murmured; they didn’t walk by faith.  (Numbers 14:26-35)  Those who fell in the wilderness aren’t a type of the lost; they were in the land of promise.  [Genesis 15:18]  They were in the land of promise; they just did not receive the full reward; they did not go into the better part of their inheritance, the land flowing with milk and honey!  Only those in the family can be redeemed.  Those under 20 walked by faith! 

Jesus came so He could completely redeem all of mankind; or at least those who walked by faith!

What about 60?  60 seems to stand for pride.  The image that Nebuchadnezzar set up was 60 cubits high.  Pride prompted him to erect this image.  He dreamed of a great image whose head was of gold.  Daniel told him that he was the head of gold.  This along with his greatness filled him with great pride.  He is recorded as having said, “Is not this great Babylon, my power and for the honor of my majesty?”  While he was speaking, a voice came from heaven and said, “Oh king Nebuchadnezzar, to thee it is spoken:  The kingdom is departed from thee”.  For seven years, he was deprived of his reason and he was made to eat grass with the beasts of the field.  This was God’s punishment upon him for his pride.  This followed immediately after the erection of his great image that was 60 cubits high.  The number 60 is mentioned 14 times in the Bible, and 14 is the number of deliverance.  He came to deliver us from the pride of man; our own pride!

There’s one more thing that I want us to look at.  In the genealogy of Luke, the true bloodline, Jesus is shown to be 77th from His Father God!  The number 11 has to do with judgment, all through the Bible.  Eleven is one more than 10.  10 represents law and responsibility; the Ten Commandments.  A broken law always brings judgment.  The number 11 is used 24 times in the Bible.  There were 11 judgments brought upon the Egyptians.  You might say, “but there were only 10 plagues”.  Yes, but what happened at the Red Sea?  They were all swallowed up. 

Israel was delivered from the judgment that fell upon the first-born of the Egyptians by the blood of the Passover lamb (the 10th judgment).  They were delivered from the Law.  This only affected the first-born, not all the children.  The Hebrews were a type of the Christian, in that they were all delivered from the judgments brought upon the Egyptians, but the first-born was delivered from death by the blood of the lamb.  This is a type of the salvation of the soul (the life). 

After being delivered from the Egyptians, the Hebrews were still protected.  The angel of God went before them and came between them and the Egyptians.  This is a type of the security of God’s children. 

The 11th judgment brought upon the Egyptians came at the Red Sea.  The Hebrews came out, a type of the resurrection, but the Egyptians did not.  Both were judged.  The Hebrews were saved. 

Noah pronounced judgment upon Canaan, a son of Ham, because Ham saw his father’s nakedness when he was uncovered in his tent.  In Genesis 10:15-18, the Bible says that Canaan had 11 sons.

Jeremiah 52:1 says that Zedekiah reigned 11 years in Jerusalem.  Verse 2 tells us that Zedekiah was a wicked king.  Verse 5 tells us that Jerusalem was besieged by the king of Babylon until the 11th year of Zedekiah, at which point he was captured and taken to Babylon and judgment was given upon him.

There were 11 things that John saw in connection with the judgment at the Great White Throne.  He saw 1) a great white throne, 2) Him that sat upon the throne, 3) the dead, small and great stand before God, 4) the books were opened, 5) another book which was the book of life, 6) the dead were judged out of things that were written in the books, 7) the sea gave up its dead, 8) death and hell delivered up their dead, 9) these were judged, every man according to his works, 10) he saw death and hell being cast into the lake of fire and 11) those cast into the lake of fire whose names were not written in the book of life.  (Revelation 20:11-15)

When the Bible talks about eleven disciples, it means that one of them has fallen away; one is under judgment.

That’s 11, but what is 7?  7 is the number of completeness or perfection.  It’s the most frequently used number in the Scriptures.  If the series of items being listed is spiritual in nature and is complete in the sense of being finished, 7 is used.  The Sabbath was the 7th day.  It’s the day of completion.  When after 6 days of work, God rested, knowing that all He had made was complete or perfect.  “The 7th Day” is a largely ignored metaphor for the coming millennial rest.

Jesus is called the “Word of God” 7 times.  In Revelation, the 7th angel is the last angel.  Jesus made 7 utterances from the cross, the last of which was, “it is finished”.  There are 7 Jewish feast days.  There are 7 notes in music.  Genesis 6:9 is the 7th time that Noah’s name is mentioned.  It says, “Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations”.  There are more, but I think you get the idea.  7 is completion or perfection; 11 is judgment.

Jesus came to completely judge us all!  Not only Israel but all of mankind!

These genealogies show us several things.  One of them is that godliness is not inherited.  Many godly fathers have had ungodly sons.  For example, Solomon had Rehoboam and Hezekiah had Manasseh and Josiah had Jeconiah.  God has no grandchildren!  Being a child of God does not insure that your children will be God’s children.  This reminds us that we have to be diligent to raise our children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord, and not to lose heart even when our children stray.  Even Manassah eventually repented.

These genealogies also show us God always keeps his word.  God cannot lie!  He made promises to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Judah, Jesse, David and Zerubbabel.  Because he kept these promises, we can believe all His promises, including the promise of sending His son again to redeem us. 

We can see that one genealogy isn’t sufficient.  Matthew’s list alone would have been proved false by some OT Scripture, specifically the prophecy concerning Jeconiah.  Luke’s would have been proved false based on the promise of God concerning the continuation of the Davidic line through Solomon and the kings of Judah until the promised Messiah.  It’s only using both lists that we can supply the solution to the problem.

The Messiah has to be proved through the records in the temple.  Because the temple was destroyed, those records no longer exist.  The Messiah had to have come before that destruction.  The Messiah has already come and His name is Jesus!

The greatness of our Lord’s mercy and compassion is demonstrated through the fact that He came to Earth to humble Himself and take on the likeness of men that he “may taste death for everyone”.  He did this for our sakes that we may be delivered from the fear and power of death.

Our blessings today do not come through Israel, but they come in spite of Israel’s apostasy.  Our blessings are not on Earth, but are in the Heavenlies.  I pray that we will all be blessed in the coming Kingdom of our Lord.

Just like the 14 sons and 3 daughters of Heman, let’s go out of here today walking by faith and rejoicing!  Rejoice!